SEE REAL NECO FINANCIAL QUESTION & ANSWERS EXPO RUNZ

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SEE REAL NECO FINANCIAL QUESTION & ANSWERS EXPO RUNZ

SEE REAL NECO FINANCIAL QUESTION & ANSWERS EXPO RUNZ
Financial Accounting and
Tax Principles
Question Paper 2
Examiner’s Brief Guide to the Paper 21
Examiner’s Answers 22
The answers published here have been written by the Examiner and should provide a
helpful guide for both lecturers and students.
Published separately on www.karisastravel.com

Post Examination Guide for this paper, which provides much
valuable and complementary material including indicative mark information.
Financial Management Pillar
Managerial Level Paper.

SEE REAL NECO FINANCIAL QUESTION & ANSWERS EXPO RUNZ
P7 – Financial Accounting and Tax
Principles
26 May 2005 – Thursday Afternoon Session
Instructions to candidates
You are allowed three hours to answer this question paper.
You are allowed 20 minutes reading time before the examination begins
during which you should read the question paper and, if you wish, make
annotations on the question paper. However, you will not be allowed, under
any circumstances, to open the answer book and start writing or use your
calculator during this reading time.

You are strongly advised to carefully read the question requirement before
attempting the question concerned. The requirements for questions in
Sections B and C are highlighted in a dotted box.
Answer the ONE compulsory question in Section A. This is comprised of 20
sub-questions.
Answer ALL SIX compulsory sub-questions in Section B.
Answer ONE of the two questions in Section C.
Maths Tables and Formulae are provided.
Write your full examination number, paper number and the examination
subject title in the spaces provided on the front of the examination answer
book. Also write your contact ID and name in the space provided in the right
hand margin and seal to close.
Tick the appropriate boxes on the front of the answer book to indicate which
questions you have answered.
P7 – Financial Accounting and Tax Principles
May 2005 3 P7
SECTION A – 50 MARKS
[the indicative time for answering this Section is 90 minutes]
ANSWER ALL TWENTY SUB-QUESTIONS
Instructions for answering Section A:
The answers to the twenty sub-questions in Section A should ALL be written in your
answer book.
Your answers should be clearly numbered with the sub-question number and then
ruled off so that the markers know which sub-question you are answering.
For 1.8, 1.9, 1.12, 1.14 and 1.16 you should show your workings as marks are
available for the method you use to answer these sub-questions.
Question One
1.1 The term GAAP is used to mean
A Generally accepted accounting procedures
B General accounting and audit practice
C Generally agreed accounting practice
D Generally accepted accounting practice
(2 marks)
1.2 The effective incidence of a tax is
A the date the tax is actually paid.
B the person or entity that finally bears the cost of the tax.
C the date the tax assessment is issued.
D the person or entity receiving the tax assessment.
(2 marks)
P7 4 May 2005
1.3 IAS 32 Financial Instruments – Disclosure and Presentation classifies issued shares as
either equity instruments or financial liabilities. An entity has the following categories of
funding on its balance sheet:
(i) A preference share that is redeemable for cash at a 10% premium on 30 May 2015.
(ii) An ordinary share which is not redeemable and has no restrictions on receiving
dividends.
(iii) A loan note that is redeemable at par in 2020.
(iv) A cumulative preference share that is entitled to receive a dividend of 7% a year.
Applying IAS 32, how would EACH of the above be categorised on the balance sheet?
As an equity
instrument
As a financial
liability
A (i) and (ii) (iii) and (iv)
B (ii) and (iii) (i) and (iv)
C (ii) (i), (iii) and (iv)
D (i), (ii) and (iii) (iv)
(2 marks)
1.4 List FOUR forms of short-term finance generally available to small entities.
(4 marks)
1.5 In no more than 15 words, define the meaning of “competent jurisdiction”.
(2 marks)
1.6 Which ONE of the following is responsible for governance and fundraising in relation to
the development of International Accounting Standards?
A International Accounting Standards Board
B International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee
C International Accounting Standards Committee Foundation Trustees
D Standards Advisory Council
(2 marks)
May 2005 5 P7
1.7 An entity is preparing a segmental analysis in accordance with IAS 14 Segment
Reporting. The directors have elected to disclose business segments as the primary
reporting format, but are unsure which of the following items need disclosure.
(i) external revenue
(ii) cost of sales
(iii) capital employed
(iv) segment profit
Which TWO of the above require separate disclosure under IAS 14 in respect of segments
reported as primary segments?
A (i) and (ii) only
B (i) and (iv) only
C (i) and (iii) only
D (iii) and (iv) only
(2 marks)
1.8 A bond with a coupon rate of 7% is redeemable in 8 years’ time for $100. Its current
purchase price is $82. What is the percentage yield to maturity?
(4 marks)
1.9 AC made the following payments during the year ended 30 April 2005:
$000
Operating costs (excluding depreciation) 23
Finance costs 4
Capital repayment of loans 10
Payments for the purchase of new computer equipment for use in AC’s business 20
AC’s revenue for the period was $45,000 and the corporate income tax rate applicable to
AC’s profits was 25%. The computer equipment qualifies for tax allowances of 10% per
year on a straight line basis.
Calculate AC’s tax payable for the year ended 30 April 2005.
(3 marks)
P7 6 May 2005
1.10 Financial statements prepared using International Standards and the International
Accounting Standards Board’s (IASB) Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of
Financial Statements (Framework) are presumed to apply two of the following four
underlying assumptions:
(i) Relevance
(ii) Going concern
(iii) Prudence
(iv) Accruals
Which TWO of the above are underlying assumptions according to the IASB’s Framework?
A (i) and (ii) only
B (ii) and (iii) only
C (iii) and (iv) only
D (ii) and (iv) only
(2 marks)
1.11 Which ONE of the following would be treated as a non-adjusting event after the balance
sheet date, as required by IAS 10 Events after the Balance Sheet Date, in the financial
statements of AN for the period ended 31 January 2005? The financial statements were
approved for publication on 15 May 2005.
A Notice was received on 31 March 2005 that a major customer of AN had ceased trading
and was unlikely to make any further payments.
B Inventory items at 31 January 2005, original cost $30,000, were sold in April 2005 for
$20,000.
C During 2004, a customer commenced legal action against AN. At 31 January 2005, legal
advisers were of the opinion that AN would lose the case, so AN created a provision of
$200,000 for the damages claimed by the customer. On 27 April 2005, the court awarded
damages of $250,000 to the customer.
D There was a fire on 2 May 2005 in AN’s main warehouse which destroyed 50% of AN’s
total inventory.
(2 marks)
1.12 AL’s customers all pay their accounts at the end of 30 days. To try and improve its cash
flow, AL is considering offering all customers a 1⋅5% discount for payment within 14 days.
Calculate the implied annual (interest) cost to AL of offering the discount, using compound
interest methodology and assuming a 365 day year.
(3 marks)
May 2005 7 P7
1.13 List the THREE criteria set out in IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent
Assets for the recognition of a provision.
(3 marks)
1.14 AE purchases products from a foreign entity and imports them into a country A. On
import, the products are subject to an excise duty of $5 per item and Value Added Tax
(VAT) of 15% on cost plus excise duty.
AE purchased 200 items for $30 each and after importing them sold all of the items for
$50 each plus VAT at 15%.
How much is due to be paid to the tax authorities for these transactions?
A $450
B $1,450
C $2,050
D $2,500
(3 marks)
1.15 The economic order quantity formula includes the cost of placing an order. However, the
Management Accountant is unsure which of the following items should be included in
“cost of placing an order”:
(i) Administrative costs
(ii) Postage
(iii) Quality control cost
(iv) Unit cost of products
(v) Storekeeper’s salary
Which THREE of the above would usually be regarded as part of the cost of placing an order?
A (i), (ii) and (iii) only
B (i), (iv) and (v) only
C (ii), (iii) and (iv) only
D (i), (ii) and (v) only
(2 marks)
P7 8 May 2005
1.16 An item of plant and equipment was purchased on 1 April 2001 for $100,000. At the date
of acquisition its expected useful economic life was 10 years. Depreciation was provided
on a straight line basis, with no residual value.
On 1 April 2003, the asset was revalued to $95,000. On 1 April 2004, the useful life of the
asset was reviewed and the remaining useful economic life was reduced to 5 years, a
total useful life of 8 years.
Calculate the amounts that would be included in the balance sheet for the asset cost/valuation
and provision for accumulated depreciation at 31 March 2005.
(4 marks)
1.17 AP has the following two legal claims outstanding:
• A legal action claiming compensation of $500,000 filed against AP in March 2004.
• A legal action taken by AP against a third party, claiming damages of $200,000
was started in January 2003 and is nearing completion.
In both cases, it is more likely than not that the amount claimed will have to be paid.
How should AP report these legal actions in its financial statements for the year ended
31 March 2005?
Legal action against AP Legal action by AP
A Disclose by a note No disclosure
B Make a provision No disclosure
C Make a provision Disclose as a note
D Make a provision Accrue the income
(2 marks)
1.18 Which ONE of the following powers is a tax authority least likely to have granted to them?
A Power of arrest.
B Power to examine records.
C Power of entry and search.
D Power to give information to other countries’ tax authorities.
(2 marks)
May 2005 9 P7
1.19 IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment provides definitions of terms relevant to noncurrent
assets. Complete the following sentence, in no more than 10 words.
“Depreciable amount is…”
(2 marks)
1.20 The OECD model tax convention defines a permanent establishment to include a number
of different types of establishments:
(i) A place of management
(ii) A warehouse
(iii) A workshop
(iv) A quarry
(v) A building site that was used for 9 months
Which of the above are included in the OECD’s list of permanent establishments?
A (i), (ii) and (iii) only
B (i), (iii) and (iv) only
C (ii), (iii) and (iv) only
D (iii), (iv) and (v) only
(2 marks)
(Total for Section A = 50 marks)
End of Section A
Section B starts on the next page
P7 10 May 2005
SECTION B – 30 MARKS
[the indicative time for answering this Section is 54 minutes]
ANSWER ALL SIX SUB-QUESTIONS
Question Two
(a) AB acquired non-current assets on 1 April 2003 costing $250,000. The assets qualified
for accelerated first year tax allowance at the rate of 50% for the first year. The second
and subsequent years were at a tax depreciation rate of 25% per year on the reducing
balance method.
AB depreciates all non-current assets at 20% a year on the straight line basis.
The rate of corporate income tax applying to AB for 2003/04 and 2004/05 was 30%.
Assume AB has no other qualifying non-current assets.
Required:
Apply IAS 12 Income Taxes and calculate:
(i) the deferred tax balance required at 31 March 2004;
(ii) the deferred tax balance required at 31 March 2005;
(iii) the charge to the income statement for the year ended 31 March 2005.
(Total for requirement (a) = 5 marks)
(b) AD, a manufacturing entity, has the following balances at 30 April 2005:
Extract from financial statements: $000
Trade receivables 216
Trade payables 97

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Revenue (all credit sales) 992
Cost of sales 898
Purchases in year 641

Inventories at 30 April 2005:
Raw materials 111
Work in progress 63
Finished goods 102
Required:
Calculate AD’s working capital cycle.
(Total for requirement (b) = 5 marks)
May 2005 11 P7
(c)
Required:
List the FIVE elements of financial statements defined in the IASB’s Framework
and explain the meaning of each.
(Total for requirement (c) = 5 marks)
(d) AE has a three year contract which commenced on 1 April 2004. At 31 March 2005, AE
had the following balances in its ledger relating to the contract:
$000 $000
Total contract value 60,000
Cost incurred up to 31 March 2005:
Attributable to work completed 21,000
Inventory purchased for use in 2005/6 3,000 24,000
Progress payments received 25,000

Other information:
Expected further costs to completion 19,000
At 31 March 2005, the contract was certified as 50% complete.
Required:
Prepare the income statement and balance sheet extracts showing the balances
relating to this contract, as required by IAS 11 Long Term Contracts.
(Total for requirement (d) = 5 marks)
Section B continues on the next page
P7 12 May 2005
(e) AM is a trading entity operating in a country where there is no sales tax. Purchases are
on credit, with 70% paid in the month following the date of purchase and 30% paid in the
month after that.
Sales are partly on credit and partly for cash. Customers who receive credit are given 30
days to pay. On average 60% pay within 30 days, 30% pay between 30 and 60 days and
5% pay between 60 and 90 days. The balance is written off as irrecoverable. Other
overheads, including salaries, are paid within the month incurred.
AM plans to purchase new equipment at the end of June 2005, the expected cost of
which is $250,000. The equipment will be purchased on 30 days credit, payable at the
end of July.
The cash balance on 1 May 2005 is $96,000.
The actual/budgeted balances for the six months to July 2005 were:
All figures $000 Actual Budgeted
Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul
Credit sales 100 100 110 110 120 120
Cash sales 30 30 35 35 40 40
Credit purchases 45 50 50 55 55 60
Other overhead expense 40 40 40 50 50 50
Required:
Prepare a monthly cash budget for the period May to July 2005 and assess the
likelihood of AM being able to pay for the equipment when it falls due. (Round all
figures to the nearest $000)
(Total for requirement (e) = 5 marks)
May 2005 13 P7
(f) A five year finance lease commenced on 1 April 2003. The annual payments are $30,000
in arrears. The fair value of the asset at 1 April 2003 was $116,000. Use the sum of
digits method for interest allocations and assume that the asset has no residual value at
the end of the lease term.
Required:
In accordance with IAS 17 Operating and Finance Leases:
(i) calculate the amount of finance cost that would be charged to the income
statement for the year ended 31 March 2005;
(ii) prepare balance sheet extracts for the lease at 31 March 2005.
(Total for requirement (f) = 5 marks)
(Total for Section B = 30 marks)
End of Section B
Section C starts on the next page
P7 14 May 2005
SECTION C – 20 MARKS
[the indicative time for answering this Section is 36 minutes]
ANSWER ONE QUESTION ONLY
Question Three
AF is a furniture manufacturing entity. The trial balance for AF at 31 March 2005 was as follows:
$000 $000
6% loan notes (redeemable 2010) 1,500
Accumulated profits at 31 March 2004 388
Administrative expenses 1,540
Available for sale investments at market value 31 March 2004 1,640
Bank and cash 822
Cost of sales 3,463
Distribution costs 1,590
Dividend paid 1 December 2004 275
Interest paid on loan notes – half year to 30 September 2004 45
Inventory at 31 March 2005 1,320
Investment income received 68
Land and buildings at cost 5,190
Ordinary shares of $1 each, fully paid 4,500
Plant and equipment at cost 3,400
Provision for deferred tax 710
Provisions for depreciation at 31 March 2004: Buildings 1,500
Provisions for depreciation at 31 March 2004: Plant and equipment 1,659
Revaluation reserve 330
Sales revenue 8,210
Share premium 1,380
Trade payables 520
Trade receivables 1,480
20,765 20,765
Additional information provided:
(i) Available for sale investments are carried in the financial statements at market value.
The market value of the available for sale investments at 31 March 2005 was $1,750,000.
(ii) There were no sales or purchases of non-current assets or available for sale investments
during the year ended 31 March 2005.
(iii) Income tax due for the year ended 31 March 2005 is estimated at $250,000. There is no
balance outstanding in relation to previous years’ corporate income tax. The deferred tax
provision needs to be increased by $100,000.
May 2005 15 P7
(iv) Depreciation is charged on buildings using the straight-line basis at 3% each year. The
cost of land included in land and buildings is $2,000,000. Plant and equipment is
depreciated using the reducing balance method at 20%. Depreciation is regarded as a
cost of sales.
(v) AF entered into a non-cancellable five year operating lease on 1 April 2004 to acquire
machinery to manufacture a new range of kitchen units. Under the terms of the lease, AF
will receive the first year rent free, then $62,500 is payable for four years commencing in
year two of the lease. The machine is estimated to have a useful economic life of 20
years.
(vi) The 6% loan notes are 10 year loans due for repayment March 2010. AF incurred no
other finance costs in the year to 31 March 2005.
Required:
Prepare the income statement for AF for the year to 31 March 2005 and a balance
sheet at that date, in a form suitable for presentation to the shareholders and in
accordance with the requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards.
Notes to the financial statements are NOT required, but all workings must be
clearly shown. DO NOT prepare a statement of accounting policies or a statement
of changes in equity.
(Total for Question Three = 20 marks)
P7 16 May 2005
Question Four
The financial statements of AG are given below:
Balance sheets as at 31 March 2005 31 March 2004
$000 $000 $000 $000
Non-current assets:
Plant, property and equipment 4,500 4,800
Development expenditure 370 4,870 400 5,200

Current assets:
Inventories 685 575
Trade receivables 515 420
Cash and cash equivalents 552 1,752 232 1,227
Total assets 6,622 6,427

Equity and liabilities
Equity:
Share capital 2,600 1,900
Share premium account 750 400
Revaluation reserve 425 300
Retained earnings 1,430 1,415
Total equity 5,205 4,015

Non-current liabilities:
10% loan notes 0 1,000
5% loan notes 500 500
Deferred tax 250 200
Total non-current liabilities: 750 1,700

Current liabilities:
Trade payables 480 350
Income tax 80 190
Accrued expenses 107 172
Total current liabilities: 667 712
Total equity and liabilities 6,622 6,427
Income statement for the year ended 31 March 2005
$000 $000
Revenue 7,500
Cost of sales 4,000
Gross profit 3,500
Distribution costs 900
Administrative expenses 2,300 3,200
Profit from operations 300
Finance costs 45
Profit before tax 255
Income tax expense 140
Profit for the period 115
May 2005 17 P7
Additional information:
(i) On 1 April 2004, AG issued 1,400,000 $0⋅50 ordinary shares at a premium of 50%.
(ii) On 1 May 2004, AG purchased and cancelled all its 10% loan notes at par.
(iii) Non-current tangible assets include properties which were revalued upwards by $125,000
during the year.
(iv) Non-current tangible assets disposed of in the year had a net book value of $75,000;
cash received on disposal was $98,000. Any gain or loss on disposal has been included
under cost of sales.
(v) Cost of sales includes $80,000 for development expenditure amortised during the year.
(vi) Depreciation charged for the year was $720,000.
(vii) The accrued expenses balance includes interest payable of $87,000 at 31 March 2004
and $12,000 at 31 March 2005.
(viii) The income tax expenses for the year to 31 March 2005 is made up as follows:
$000
Corporate income tax 90
Deferred tax 50
140
(ix) Dividends paid during the year were $100,000.
Required:
Prepare a cash flow statement, using the indirect method, for AG for the year
ended 31 March 2005, in accordance with IAS 7 Cash Flow Statements.
(Total for Question Four = 20 marks)
(Total for Section C = 20 marks)
End of Question Paper
Maths Tables and Formulae follow
P7 18 May 2005
MATHS TABLES AND FORMULAE
Present value table
Present value of £1, that is (1 + r)
-n where r = interest rate; n = number of periods until payment or receipt.
Periods Interest rates (r)
(n) 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10%
1 0.990 0.980 0.971 0.962 0.952 0.943 0.935 0.926 0.917 0.909
2 0.980 0.961 0.943 0.925 0.907 0.890 0.873 0.857 0.842 0.826
3 0.971 0.942 0.915 0.889 0.864 0.840 0.816 0.794 0.772 0.751
4 0.961 0.924 0.888 0.855 0.823 0.792 0.763 0.735 0.708 0.683
5 0.951 0.906 0.863 0.822 0.784 0.747 0.713 0.681 0.650 0.621
6 0.942 0.888 0.837 0.790 0.746 0705 0.666 0.630 0.596 0.564
7 0.933 0.871 0.813 0.760 0.711 0.665 0.623 0.583 0.547 0.513
8 0.923 0.853 0.789 0.731 0.677 0.627 0.582 0.540 0.502 0.467
9 0.914 0.837 0.766 0.703 0.645 0.592 0.544 0.500 0.460 0.424
10 0.905 0.820 0.744 0.676 0.614 0.558 0.508 0.463 0.422 0.386
11 0.896 0.804 0.722 0.650 0.585 0.527 0.475 0.429 0.388 0.350
12 0.887 0.788 0.701 0.625 0.557 0.497 0.444 0.397 0.356 0.319
13 0.879 0.773 0.681 0.601 0.530 0.469 0.415 0.368 0.326 0.290
14 0.870 0.758 0.661 0.577 0.505 0.442 0.388 0.340 0.299 0.263
15 0.861 0.743 0.642 0.555 0.481 0.417 0.362 0.315 0.275 0.239
16 0.853 0.728 0.623 0.534 0.458 0.394 0.339 0.292 0.252 0.218
17 0.844 0.714 0.605 0.513 0.436 0.371 0.317 0.270 0.231 0.198
18 0.836 0.700 0.587 0.494 0.416 0.350 0.296 0.250 0.212 0.180
19 0.828 0.686 0.570 0.475 0.396 0.331 0.277 0.232 0.194 0.164
20 0.820 0.673 0.554 0.456 0.377 0.312 0.258 0.215 0.178 0.149
Periods Interest rates (r)
(n) 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20%
1 0.901 0.893 0.885 0.877 0.870 0.862 0.855 0.847 0.840 0.833
2 0.812 0.797 0.783 0.769 0.756 0.743 0.731 0.718 0.706 0.694
3 0.731 0.712 0.693 0.675 0.658 0.641 0.624 0.609 0.593 0.579
4 0.659 0.636 0.613 0.592 0.572 0.552 0.534 0.516 0.499 0.482
5 0.593 0.567 0.543 0.519 0.497 0.476 0.456 0.437 0.419 0.402
6 0.535 0.507 0.480 0.456 0.432 0.410 0.390 0.370 0.352 0.335
7 0.482 0.452 0.425 0.400 0.376 0.354 0.333 0.314 0.296 0.279
8 0.434 0.404 0.376 0.351 0.327 0.305 0.285 0.266 0.249 0.233
9 0.391 0.361 0.333 0.308 0.284 0.263 0.243 0.225 0.209 0.194
10 0.352 0.322 0.295 0.270 0.247 0.227 0.208 0.191 0.176 0.162
11 0.317 0.287 0.261 0.237 0.215 0.195 0.178 0.162 0.148 0.135
12 0.286 0.257 0.231 0.208 0.187 0.168 0.152 0.137 0.124 0.112
13 0.258 0.229 0.204 0.182 0.163 0.145 0.130 0.116 0.104 0.093
14 0.232 0.205 0.181 0.160 0.141 0.125 0.111 0.099 0.088 0.078
15 0.209 0.183 0.160 0.140 0.123 0.108 0.095 0.084 0.079 0.065
16 0.188 0.163 0.141 0.123 0.107 0.093 0.081 0.071 0.062 0.054
17 0.170 0.146 0.125 0.108 0.093 0.080 0.069 0.060 0.052 0.045
18 0.153 0.130 0.111 0.095 0.081 0.069 0.059 0.051 0.044 0.038
19 0.138 0.116 0.098 0.083 0.070 0.060 0.051 0.043 0.037 0.031
20 0.124 0.104 0.087 0.073 0.061 0.051 0.043 0.037 0.031 0.026
May 2005 19 P7
Cumulative present value of £1 per annum
Receivable or Payable at the end of each year for n years r
r − n 1−(1+ )
Periods Interest rates (r)
(n) 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10%
1 0.990 0.980 0.971 0.962 0.952 0.943 0.935 0.926 0.917 0.909
2 1.970 1.942 1.913 1.886 1.859 1.833 1.808 1.783 1.759 1.736
3 2.941 2.884 2.829 2.775 2.723 2.673 2.624 2.577 2.531 2.487
4 3.902 3.808 3.717 3.630 3.546 3.465 3.387 3.312 3.240 3.170
5 4.853 4.713 4.580 4.452 4.329 4.212 4.100 3.993 3.890 3.791
6 5.795 5.601 5.417 5.242 5.076 4.917 4.767 4.623 4.486 4.355
7 6.728 6.472 6.230 6.002 5.786 5.582 5.389 5.206 5.033 4.868
8 7.652 7.325 7.020 6.733 6.463 6.210 5.971 5.747 5.535 5.335
9 8.566 8.162 7.786 7.435 7.108 6.802 6.515 6.247 5.995 5.759
10 9.471 8.983 8.530 8.111 7.722 7.360 7.024 6.710 6.418 6.145
11 10.368 9.787 9.253 8.760 8.306 7.887 7.499 7.139 6.805 6.495
12 11.255 10.575 9.954 9.385 8.863 8.384 7.943 7.536 7.161 6.814
13 12.134 11.348 10.635 9.986 9.394 8.853 8.358 7.904 7.487 7.103
14 13.004 12.106 11.296 10.563 9.899 9.295 8.745 8.244 7.786 7.367
15 13.865 12.849 11.938 11.118 10.380 9.712 9.108 8.559 8.061 7.606
16 14.718 13.578 12.561 11.652 10.838 10.106 9.447 8.851 8.313 7.824
17 15.562 14.292 13.166 12.166 11.274 10.477 9.763 9.122 8.544 8.022
18 16.398 14.992 13.754 12.659 11.690 10.828 10.059 9.372 8.756 8.201
19 17.226 15.679 14.324 13.134 12.085 11.158 10.336 9.604 8.950 8.365
20 18.046 16.351 14.878 13.590 12.462 11.470 10.594 9.818 9.129 8.514
Periods Interest rates (r)
(n) 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20%
1 0.901 0.893 0.885 0.877 0.870 0.862 0.855 0.847 0.840 0.833
2 1.713 1.690 1.668 1.647 1.626 1.605 1.585 1.566 1.547 1.528
3 2.444 2.402 2.361 2.322 2.283 2.246 2.210 2.174 2.140 2.106
4 3.102 3.037 2.974 2.914 2.855 2.798 2.743 2.690 2.639 2.589
5 3.696 3.605 3.517 3.433 3.352 3.274 3.199 3.127 3.058 2.991
6 4.231 4.111 3.998 3.889 3.784 3.685 3.589 3.498 3.410 3.326
7 4.712 4.564 4.423 4.288 4.160 4.039 3.922 3.812 3.706 3.605
8 5.146 4.968 4.799 4.639 4.487 4.344 4.207 4.078 3.954 3.837
9 5.537 5.328 5.132 4.946 4.772 4.607 4.451 4.303 4.163 4.031
10 5.889 5.650 5.426 5.216 5.019 4.833 4.659 4.494 4.339 4.192
11 6.207 5.938 5.687 5.453 5.234 5.029 4.836 4.656 4.486 4.327
12 6.492 6.194 5.918 5.660 5.421 5.197 4.988 7.793 4.611 4.439
13 6.750 6.424 6.122 5.842 5.583 5.342 5.118 4.910 4.715 4.533
14 6.982 6.628 6.302 6.002 5.724 5.468 5.229 5.008 4.802 4.611
15 7.191 6.811 6.462 6.142 5.847 5.575 5.324 5.092 4.876 4.675
16 7.379 6.974 6.604 6.265 5.954 5.668 5.405 5.162 4.938 4.730
17 7.549 7.120 6.729 6.373 6.047 5.749 5.475 5.222 4.990 4.775
18 7.702 7.250 6.840 6.467 6.128 5.818 5.534 5.273 5.033 4.812
19 7.839 7.366 6.938 6.550 6.198 5.877 5.584 5.316 5.070 4.843
20 7.963 7.469 7.025 6.623 6.259 5.929 5.628 5.353 5.101 4.870
P7 20 May 2005
FORMULAE
Valuation models
(i) Future value of S, of a sum X, invested for n periods, compounded at r% interest: S = X[1 + r]
n
(ii) Present value of £1 payable or receivable in n years, discounted at r% per annum:
PV = n [1 r ]
1
+
(iii) Present value of an annuity of £1 per annum, receivable or payable for n years, commencing in one year,
discounted at r% per annum:
PV = ⎥

⎤ ⎢


+
− n r [1 r ]
1
1
1
(iv) Present value of £1 per annum, payable or receivable in perpetuity, commencing in one year, discounted at r%
per annum:
PV =
r
1
(v) Present value of £1 per annum, receivable or payable, commencing in one year, growing in perpetuity at a
constant rate of g% per annum, discounted at r% per annum:
PV =
r − g
1
Inventory management
(i) Economic Order Quantity
EOQ =
h
o
C
2C D
where: Co = cost of placing an order
Ch = cost of holding one unit in Inventory for one year
D = annual demand
Cash management
(i) Optimal sale of securities, Baumol model:
Optimal sale =
interest rate
2 x Annual cash disbursements x Cost per sale of securities
(ii) Spread between upper and lower cash balance limits, Miller-Orr model:
Spread = 3
3
1










interest rate
x transaction cost x variance of cash flows
4
3
May 2005 21 P7
The Examiner for Financial Accounting and Tax Principles offers to future
candidates and to tutors using this booklet for study purposes, the following
background and guidance on the questions included in this examination paper.
Section A – Question One – Compulsory
Question one consists of 20 objective test sub-questions, designed to cover a variety of
syllabus topics not covered elsewhere in the paper and addressing a selection of learning
outcomes in all sections of the syllabus.
Section B – Question Two – Compulsory
(a) Tests candidates’ ability to calculate current and deferred taxation under the accounting
rules in IAS 12 Income Taxes.
(b) Tests candidates’ ability to calculate and interpret working capital ratios for business
sectors.
(c) Tests candidates’ ability to explain the five elements of financial statements as defined
IASB’s Framework for the Presentation and Preparation of Financial Statements.
(d) Tests candidates’ ability to prepare an income statement and balance sheet extracts in
accordance with IAS 11 Long Term Contracts.
(e) Tests candidates’ ability to prepare a monthly cash budget for a set period and to assess
the ability of the company described in the scenario to meet its financial obligations.
(f) Tests candidates’ ability to calculate a finance cost and to prepare balance sheet extracts
in accordance with IAS 17 Operating and Finance Leases.
Section C – answer one of two questions
Question Three
Tests candidates’ ability to prepare an income statement and balance sheet in a form suitable
for publication, and in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, based upon
the trail balance of a given entity.
Question Four
Tests candidates’ ability to prepare a cash flow statement, using the indirect method, in
accordance with IAS 7 Cash Flow Statements based upon the income statement and balance
sheets of a given entity.
P7 22 May 2005
Managerial Level Paper
P7 – Financial Accounting and Tax Principles
Examiner’s Answers
SECTION A
Answers to Question One
1.1 D
1.2 B
1.3 C
1.4 Trade credit
Bank overdraft
Term loan
see Factoring
Any other relevant sources, such as hire purchase or leasing.
and 1.5 The competent jurisdiction is the country whose tax laws apply to the entity.
1.6 C
1.7 B
May 2005 23 P7
1.8 t = 8; r = 10
(7 x 5⋅335) + (100 x 0⋅467) = 37⋅345 + 46.7 = $84⋅045
t = 8; r = 12
(7 x 4⋅968) + (100 x 0⋅404) = 34⋅776 + 40⋅4 = $75⋅176
By interpolation:
10% + (((84⋅045 – 82⋅0)/(84⋅045 – 75⋅176)) x 2) =
10% + (2⋅045/8⋅869 x 2) =
10% + 0⋅461 = 10⋅461% ≈ 10⋅5%
1.9
$000 $000
Revenue 45
Operating costs 23
Finance costs 4
Tax allowances – computer 2 29
16
Tax @ 25% 4
1.10 D
1.11 D
1.12 AL offers 1⋅5% interest for 16 days
(100/98⋅5) (365/16) – 1 =
(1⋅015) 22⋅813 – 1 = 40⋅4%
1.13 An entity has a present obligation as a result of a past event. It is probable that an
outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.
A reliable estimate can be made of the amount.
1.14
$
Sales 200 x $50 = 10,000
VAT on sales @ 15% 1,500
Less: VAT paid on import 200 x $35 x 15% = 1,050
VAT Due 450
Excise duty due 200 x $5 = 1,000
Total to be paid to tax authorities 1,450
The answer is therefore B
1.15 A
P7 24 May 2005
1.16
$ $
Cost 100,000
Two years’ depreciation at 10% 20,000
80,000
Revaluation 15,000
95,000
Depreciation at 12⋅5% 11,875
83,125
Depreciation at 20% 16,625
Net book value 66,500

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At valuation 95,000
Accumulated depreciation (28,500)
Net book value 66,500
or
Alternative treatment allowed by IAS 16:
At valuation 115,000
Accumulated depreciation (48,500)
Net book value 66,500
1.17 C
1.18 A
1.19 Depreciable amount is… the cost or valuation of an asset less its residual value.
1.20 B
May 2005 25 P7
SECTION B
Answer to (a)
Tax depreciation $
Purchase cost 1 April 2003 250,000
First year allowance at 50% 125,000
125,000
Tax depreciation second year at 25% 31,250
Tax written down value 93,750

Accounting depreciation $
Purchase cost 1 April 2003 250,000
Straight line depreciation at 20% 50,000
200,000
Straight line depreciation at 20% 50,000
Accounting book value 150,000
Deferred tax provision: at 31 March
2004
at 31 March
2005
$ $
Accounting book value 200,000 150,000
Tax written down value 125,000 93,750
75,000 56,250
Tax at 30% on $56,250 = 22,500 16,875
Change in deferred tax = 22,500 – 16,875 = 5,625

Balance sheet at 31 March 2005
Deferred tax $16,875
Income statement for the year ended 31 March 2005
Income tax expense – reduction in deferred tax $5,625 credit
Answer to (b)
AD’s working capital cycle can be expressed as:
Raw materials inventory less payables days plus production time plus finished goods inventory
plus receivables days.
Days
Raw materials inventory Raw materials inventory
Purchases
111/641* 365 = 63⋅2
Payables days Payables
Purchases
97/641 * 365 = (55⋅2)
Production time Work in progress
Cost of sales
63/898 * 365 = 25⋅6
Finished goods inventory Finished goods inventory
Cost of sales
102/898 * 365 = 41⋅4
Receivables days Trade receivables
Credit sales
216/992 * 365 = 79⋅5
Working capital cycle – days 154⋅5
P7 26 May 2005
Answer to (c)
According to the IASB’s Framework, the FIVE elements of financial statements are:
Asset An asset is a resource controlled by the entity as a result of past events and from
which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the entity;
Liability A liability is a present obligation of the entity arising from past events, the
settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow of resources from the entity;
Equity The residual interest in the assets of the entity after deducting all its liabilities;
Income Increases in economic benefits during the accounting period in the form of inflows
or enhancements of assets or decreases of liabilities that result in increases in
equity, other than those relating to combinations from equity participants;
Expenses Decreases in economic benefits during the accounting period in the form of
outflows or depletions of assets that result in decreases in equity, other than those
relating to distributions to equity participants.
Answer to (d)
Workings:
Overall profitability check: $000 $000
Revenue 60,000
Costs incurred to 31 March 2005 24,000
Costs to completion 19,000
43,000
Profit 17,000

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Income statement:
Contract 50% complete therefore recognise 50% profit 8,500
Revenue recognised 50% of contract value 60,000/2 30,000

Balance sheet:
Total contract costs incurred 24,000
Recognised profit 8,500
32,500
Less: Progress payments received 25,000
Gross amount due from customers 7,500
Note: Alternative approaches to calculations are acceptable.
Income statement for the year to 31 March 2005 – extract
$000
Revenue from long-term contract 30,000
Cost of sales (to balance) 21,500
Profit 8,500

Balance sheet as at 31 March 2005 – extract $000
Debtors
Long-term contract – gross amounts due from customers 7,500
May 2005 27 P7
Answer to (e)
Cash budget for the three month period May to July 2005:
May June July
$000 $000 $000
Cash receipts
Cash sales 35 40 40
Credit sales receipts (W1) 101 104 111
Total receipts 136 144 151
Credit purchase payments (W2) 50 54 55
Expenses paid 50 50 50
Equipment purchase paid 250
Total payments 100 104 355
Net cash movement in month 36 40 (204)
Balance b/fwd 96 132 172
Balance c/fwd 132 172 (32)
AM will not be able to pay for the equipment on time unless further finance is arranged.
Workings
(W1) Credit sales – receipts:
Total May June July
$000 $000 $000 $000
February sales 100 5
March sales 100 30 5
April sales 110 66 33 6
May sales 110 66 33
June sales 120 72
Totals 101 104 111
(W2) Credit purchases – payments
Total May June July
$000 $000 $000 $000
March 50 15
April 50 35 15
May 55 39 16
June 55 39
Totals 50 54 55
P7 28 May 2005
Answer to (f)
$
Total payments under the lease ($30,000 x 5) 150,000
Fair value of the asset 116,000
Finance cost 34,000
Five periods gives sum of digits (5 x (5 + 1))/2 = 15
Year Proportion Allocation (proportion x $34,000)
$
2003/04 5/15 11,333
2004/05 4/15 9,067
2005/06 3/15 6,800
2006/07 2/15 4,533
2007/08 1/15 2,267
Year Balance
b/fwd
Finance charge Repayment Balance
c/fwd
$ $ $ $
2003/04 116,000 11,333 (30,000) 97,333
2004/05 97,333 9,067 (30,000) 76,400
2005/06 76,400 6,800 (30,000) 53,200
2006/07 53,200 4,533 (30,000) 27,733
2007/08 27,733 2,267 (30,000) 0
Finance charge for year ended 31 March 2005 is the second year of the lease.
The finance charge to the income statement for the year ended 31 March 2005 is $9,067
Balance sheet as at 31 March 2005 – extract
Non-current assets – Tangible $
Finance lease 116,000
Less: Depreciation (116,000/5 x 2) 46,400
69,600

Non-current liabilities
Amounts due under finance lease $53,200

Current liabilities
Amounts due under finance lease $23,200
(76,400 – 53,200)
May 2005 29 P7
SECTION C
Answer to Question Three
AF – Income statement for the year ended 31 March 2005
$000 $000
Revenue 8,210
Cost of sales (W1) (3,957)
Gross profit 4,253
Other income 68
Administrative expenses (1,540)
Distribution costs (1,590) (3,130)
Profit from operations 1,191
Finance cost (W6) (90)
Profit before tax 1,101
Income tax expense (W7) (350)
Profit for the period 751
AF – Balance sheet as at 31 March 2005
$000 $000 $000
Non-current assets
Property, plant and equipment (W4) 4,987
Available for sale investments 1,750

Current assets
Inventory 1,320
Trade receivables 1,480
Cash and cash equivalents 822
3,622
Total assets 10,359

Equity and liabilities
Equity
Share capital 4,500
Other reserves (W8) 1,820
Retained earnings (W9) 864
Total equity 7,184

Non-current liabilities
6% Loan 1,500
Deferred tax (W7) 810
Total non-current liabilities 2,310

Current liabilities
Trade and other payables (W10) 615
Tax payable (W7) 250
Above all Total current liabilities 865
Total liabilities 3,175
Finally Total equity and liabilities 10,359
P7 30 May 2005
Workings
(W1) Cost of sales $000
Cost of goods 3,463
Add depreciation – buildings (W2) 96
– plant and equipment (W3) 348
Operating lease (W5) 50
3,957

(W2) Depreciation – Buildings
Land and buildings at cost 5,190
Less: Cost of land (2,000)
3,190
Depreciation for year @ 3% 96 (IS)
Depreciation b/fwd 1,500
Depreciation c/fwd 1,596

(W3) Depreciation – Plant and equipment
Plant and equipment cost 3,400
Depreciation b/fwd 1,659
1,741
Depreciation for year at 20% 348
Depreciation c/fwd 2,007
(W4) Property, plant and equipment At cost Depreciation Total
$ $ $
Property 5,190 1,596 3,594
Plant and equipment 3,400 2,007 1,393
4,987

(W5) Operating lease
Total payments (4 x 62⋅5) 250
Allocated evenly over 5 periods (250/5) 50 a year
Income statement charge 50

(W6) Finance cost
Interest = 1,500 x 6% = 90
(W7) Income tax expense
Income statement
Income tax accrued for year 250
Deferred tax charge for year 100
Income statement 350

Balance sheet
Income tax – current 250
Deferred tax – non-current liability
Provision for deferred tax, b/fwd 710
Charge for year 100
Provision for deferred tax c/fwd 810
At cost Depreciation
(W8) Other reserves $ $
Share premium 1,380
Revaluation reserve 330
Balance b/fwd 110 440
Increase in year 1,820

May 2005 31 P7
(W9) Retained earnings
Balance b/fwd 388
Profit for the year 751
1,139
Less: Dividend paid (275)
864

(W10) Trade and other payables
Trade payables 520
Operating lease accrual 50
Finance cost 45
615
Answer to Question Four
AG – Cash Flow Statement for the year ended 31 March 2005
$000 $000
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit before taxation 255
Adjustments for:
Depreciation 720
Development expenditure amortisation 80
Lastly Finance cost 45
Gain on disposal of non-current tangible asset (W1) (23)

Operating profit before working capital changes 1,077

Increase in inventory (110)
Increase in trade receivables (95)
Increase in trade payables 130
Increase in accrued expenses (W2) 10
(65)
Cash generated from operations 1,012
Interest paid (W3) (120)
Income taxes paid (W4) (200) (320)
Net cash from operating activities 692
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property, plant and equipment (W5) (370)
Proceeds from sale of equipment 98
Development expenditure (W6) (50)
Net cash used in investing activities (322)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from issue of share capital (W7) 1,050
Repayment of loans (1,000)
Equity dividends paid * (100)
Net cash used in financing activities (50)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 320
Cash and cash equivalents at 1 April 2004 232
Cash and cash equivalents at 31 March 2005 552
* this could be shown as an operating cash flow instead
P7 32 May 2005
Workings
(W1) – Gain on disposal of property plant and equipment
$
Net book value 75
Cash 98
Gain 23
(W2) – Accrued expenditure
$ $
Balance b/fwd 172
Interest b/fwd (87)
85
Balance c/fwd 107
Interest c/fwd (12)
95
10
(W3) – Interest paid
$
Balance b/fwd 87
P&L 45
132
Balance c/fwd 12
Paid 120
(W4) – Income Taxes paid
$ $
Balance b/fwd – corporate income tax 190
– deferred tax 200
390
Income statement 140
530
Balance c/fwd – corporate income tax 80
– deferred tax 250 330
Tax paid 200
(W5) – Purchase of property, plant and equipment
$
Balance b/fwd 4,800
Disposals (75)
4,725
Revaluation 125
4,850
Depreciation for year (720)
4,130
Balance c/fwd 4,500
Purchases 370
(W6) – Development expenditure
$
Balance b/fwd 400
Amortised in year 80
320
Balance c/fwd 370
New expenditure 50
May 2005 33 P7
(W7) – Proceeds from issue of share capital

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