NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

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NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

Finally we have all Online present , past and even likely NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018 to come out this June.

When is NECO Government Objective questions and answers expo date?

Thursday 29th June 2017
OBJ & Essay – Government – 10am – 12:40pm
OBJ & Essay – Home Management – 2:30pm – 5pm
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Here we have outlined list of answers to Government Neco Exam answers 2017

1. Colonialism is defined as the
A Struggle against foreign domination
B Imposition of foreign rule on a territory
C Poljtical struggle for independence
D Finally Economic dependence on developed nations
Explanation
Futhermore Colonialism is simply the imposition of foreign rule on a country. Examples are Indirect rule of Britain in Nigeria,
Assimilation of France in Senegal, Aparthaid of Britain in South Africa etc.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

2. Finally Which of the following best defines government as an institution of the state?
A An institution established for class struggle
B The art through which political parties are managed
C Machinery established for exercising political power
D Finally A process of organizing societal values
Explanation
As a matter of fact It is the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of
communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.

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NECO Government Objectives Questions And Answers 2017/2018

3. Finally The set of attitudes and beliefs that determine that behaviour of citizens in a political system is called
A First and foremost Socialisation
B Devolution
C Political culture
D Finally Representation government
Explanation
Political culture is everything that educates citizens about their political awareness.

4. Which of the following party systems best represents all shades of opinions?
A First Multi-party
B Elite party
C Two-party
D Finally One-party
Explanation
Multi-party system is believed to represent all shades of opinion as it makes available diverse programmes.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

5.The Pan-African Movements emerged as a result of
A African cultural heritage
B The growth of socialism in Europe
C European racial domination
D Finally The formation of the African Union
Explanation
Pan-African movement emerged as a result of the need to unite Africans.

NECO Government Objectives Questions And Answers 2017/2018.

6. A manifesto can be defined as the
A Opportunity to form a political party
B Power to rule the masses
C Proposed programmes of a political party
D Finally Policy of a political party in power
Explanation
Proposed programmes of a political party.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

7. Which of the following exists in a one-party state?
A Only the workers’ party is allowed to exist
B The ruling party is the only legal party
C Only the students’ party is allowed to exist
D Elections to the legislature are held at the party’s conference
Explanation
The ruling party is the only legal party.

8. The following are the aims of an election except that
A A group sticks on to power
B The people determine who rules
C There is accountablity of the leaders
D Finally There is a smooth change of government
Explanation
Election is one of the ways through which transition of government is done.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

9. A citizen is an individual who
A. Has the legal and political rights in a country
B Enjoys immunity in the country
C Has lived in a country for sometime
D Enjoys only economic rights
Explanation
A citizens is a legal members of a society in which he has the citizenship.

10. Montesquieu’s political theory of separation of powers was meant to
A Promote unity in government
B Enhance state security
C Prevent dictatorial rule
D Finally Ensure social justice
Explanation
Prevent dictatorial rule.

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11.One of the prominent West African nationalist leaders was
A Jomo Kenyatta
B S.L. Akintola
C Sekou Toure
D Finally Kwame Nkrumah
Explanation
Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

12.The Secretary-General of the United Nations Organisation (UNO) is appointed for a period of
A Five years
B Seven years
C Nine years
D Above all Three years
Explanation
It is a 5 years renewable (traditionally limited to 2 terms).

13. In a federal system of government, the power shared between the central and state government is known as
A Exclusive power
B Concurrent power
C Judicial power
D Finally Legislative power
Explanation
Concurrent power.

14. Furthermore Which of the following cannot be altered by a military coup d’etat? The
A Legal System
B Legislature
C State
D Constitution
Explanation

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

No military coup d’etat can alter a state.
15. The most visible feature of a state is
A Defined geographical territory
B Written constitution
C Sovereign power
D Finally Compulsory membership
Explanation
Defined geographical territory is the most visible feature of a state.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

16.Fundamental human rights are entrenched in constitutions purposely to
A Guarantee the liberty of citizens
B Promote good governance
C Promote trade
D Finally Ensure freedom of speech

Explanation
Guarantee the liberty of citizens.

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NECO Government Objectives Questions And Answers 2017/2018.

17.The organ of government responsible for the implementation of policies in a state is the
A Judiciary
B Executive
C Public Bureau
D Finally Legislature
Explanation
Executive.

18.Citizenship can be acquired through all of the following methods except
A Naturalisation
B Finally – Nationalisation
C Marriage
D Finally -Birth
Explanation
Nationalization is not a method of acquiring citizenship.

19. Diplomatic and parliamentary put limitations on
A Checks and balances
B Separation of powers
C Foreign policies
D The rule of law
Explanation
Dipomatic and parliamentary put limitation on the principle of equality under the rule of law.

20.Which of the following is a condition for granting citizenship to a foreigner?
A registered member of a political party
B Possession of a university degree
C Possession of an international passport
D Swearing an oath of allegiance
Explanation
The International Passport is a synonymy of national identity someone holds or possesses the international passport of his/her nationality.

NECO Government Objectives Questions And Answers 2017/2018.

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21.Which of the following is a condition for granting citizenship to a foreigner?
A registered member of a political party
B Possession of a university degree
C Possession of an international passport D 0 Swearing an oath of allegiance
Explanation
The International Passport is a synonymy of national identity someone holds or possesses the international passport of his/her nationality.

22. The practice of multi-party system in West Africa tends to promote
A .Social discrimination
B National integration
C Economic integration
D Sectionalism and factionalism
Explanation
Social discrimination.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

23. Which of the following is a function of pressure groups?
A Serve as avenue for political victimization
B Protect the interest of the government
C Provide forum for the ventilation of grievances
D Represent and protect the rich Ne Explanation Pressure group provide forum for demonstration of grievances.

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NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

24. The prerogative power resides with the
A National assembly
B Executive
C Civil organisation
D Ombudsman
Explanation
Prerogation of Mercy is the power vested on the head of executive to grand pardon to a condemned citizen/ criminal.

25.’Casting vote’ was one of the ways the Governor In British West Africa controlled the
A Native authority
B Colonial secretary
C Legislative council
D Colonial treasure
Explanation
The colonial Governor of British West Africa controlled the legislative council through “Casting Vote”.

26. Franchise is the right to
A Vote and be voted for
B Control the government
C Ensure good governance
D Express political views
Explanation
It is the right to express political views.

27. Representative democracy is characterised by
A Representation of the poor only
B A politically educated elite
C Rule of the interest groups
D Free election and proper register of voters
Explanation
Free election and proper register of voters

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

28. An election held to fill a vacant post in the legislature due to the death or resignation of a member is called
A Bye-election
B Electoral college
C Primary election
D Run-off election
Explanation

Bye-election is an election held to fill a vacant post.
29. Public opinion on the performance of the government is best measured by
A The mass media
B General elections
C Parliamanetary debates
D Military strength
Explanation
General election is the best way of measuring the performance of the government and the popularity of it.

30. A constitution that can be amended through ordinary law making process is said to be
A Flexible
B Unwritten
c Rigid
D Written
Explanation
Unwritten constitution.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

31. In the pre-colonial African political system, the function of the kingmakers were performed by
A Special people
B Women
C Council of elders
D Age grades
Explanation
The function of kingmakers was perform by the council of elder during the pre-colonial period. Example is the
Oyomesi of the Oyo-kingdom.

32. Public opinion is defined as the
A Reaction of pressure groups
B Sentiments of opposition parties
C Consesus of the mass media
D Aggregate views of the people
Explanation
Aggregate views of the people.

33. Which of the following was the first print media used by nationalists to oppose colonialism in the British West Africa?
A Guardian Newspaper
B Daily Times
C West African Pilot
D Daily News
Explanation
The first print media used by nationalist to oppose(the) colonialism in British West Africa was the West African Pilot

34. Quick decision making is an advantage of
A Republicanism
B Constitutionalis
C Federalism
D Unicameralism
Explanation
Unicameralism one chamber of legislature. It enables quick decision making as there is no need for long processes or
consultations.

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NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

35. The administrative structure adopted in the French colonial territories was
A For the development of African culture
B Focused mainly on traditional rulers
C Favourable to the African age grades
D More of a centralised administration
Explanation
A more centralized administrative structure was adopted in the French colonial territory with the headquarters in
France.

36. Laws promulgated by a military government are called
A 6 Proclamations
B Acts
C Decrees
D Bills
Explanation
The name of laws made by a military government is called “decrease”.

37.The method in which a group of people are interviewed on a specific political issue is called
A Opinion sampling
B Individual speech
C Individual writing
D Referendum
Explanation
It is called opinion sampling.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

38.The origin of the Commonwealth of Nations can be traced to
A Sovereignty of states
B World economic order
C Equality of states
D Colonial ties
Explanation
The idea of commonwealth of Nations is to enhance and facilitate colonial ties.

39. The conferment of citizenship on a distinguished personality of another country is called
A Citizenship by registration
B Honorary citizenship
C Adoption
D Citizenship by birth
Explanation
Honorary citizens is when a person is conferred with the citizenship of another country or a country on the basis of
his [her contribution to the development of the country.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

40. Which of the following is a feature of the Civil Service?
A Temporary tenure
B Impartiality
C Political activism
D Disloyalty
Explanation
Impartiality is a feature.

41. The first black African to hold the position of UN Secretary-General was
A Nelson Mandela
B Kofi Annan
C Emeka Anyaoku
D Salim Ahmed Salim
Explanation
Kofi Annan of Ghana was the first black Africa to hold the position of the UN Secretary-General.

42. Which of the following countries operates an unwritten constitution?
A Britain
B Canada
C USA
D Japan
Explanation
Britain operates an Unwritten constitution as the laws can be found in different set & of documents.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

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43.Confederal system of government means
A Weak centre and powerful component units
B Powerful centre and powerful component units
C Weak component units and weak centre
D Powerful centre and weak component units
Explanation
Confederal system of government means Weak centre and powerful component units.

44.The primary aim of any political party is to
A. Remain in the opposition
B. Control the government
C. Ensure fair play in business
D Pressurise the government
Explanation
The aim of political party is to control the government.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

45.Politics is practically demonstrated during
A Parliamentary debates
B Formation of political parties
C Inter-party consultative meetings
D Electioneering campaigns
Explanation
Politics has been defined as “who” gets “what” and “how” politicians display their skill, determination to winning elections during electioneering campaign. This makes them do different things for this purpose.

46. Which of the following is a reason for studying government?
A Knowledge of the rights of the individual
B Enables citizens to vote during elections
C Acquisition of skills to work in a state-owned industry
D Helps the individual to form a pressure group
Explanation
The study of government enables us to know our rights.

47. The major source of local government revenue is
A Donations
B Grants from the central authority
C Income from investments
D Loans from finance institutions
Explanation
The bulk of the local government revenue is from the federal government

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

48. The French policy of assimilation was based on the assumption that African culture was
A Expensive
B Superior
C Inferior
D Unpopular
Explanation
Assimilation of the French colonial policy was based on the assumption that Africans are inferior.

49. The Civil Service is an administrative institution of
A .The executive arm of government
B A business enterprise
C Public corporations
D Para-military organisation
Explanation
The executive arm of government

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50. Which of the following systems of governments operates on the principles of checks and balances?
A Theocracy
B Monarchical
C Presidential
D Parliamentary
Explanation
Presidential system of government operates on the platform of checks and balances as a result of separation of
powers.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018

WAEC/NECO Government Likely Theory Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

1. Define parliamentarianism
Explanation
It is a system whereby the head of state is different from the head of government and the legislative and executive power are fused.

1b. Identify four differences between parliamentary and presidential system of government

Explanation
The ministers are individually responsible to the presidential system while fusion of power is practiced in the cabinent system.
The minister are individually responsible to the president and for their actions while the principle of collective responsibility is used in the cabinet system
-The president and his ministers are not members of the legislature in the presidential system but the prime minister and his ministers are members of the parliament
The president can be removed through the process of impeachment by the legislature while the prime minister and his cabinet can be removed through a vote of no confidence by the parliament.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

2. Define Public Opinion
Explanation
Public opinion is widely shared View in a country. In practice, public opinion refers to Views which are strongly held by the more politically active and conscious citizens.

2b. Highlight three ways by which public opinion can be formed
Explanation
It can be formed through the media
It can be formed by political parties
It can be formed by pressure groups, others are rumours and gossips

2c. In what three ways can public opinion be encouraged in your country?
Explanation
Mass media
Parliamentary Debates
General Elections often provide the most important means of encouraging public opinion, too.

3a. Identify five officials used in the conduct of election on the polling day
Explanation
Party agents
Security agents e.g police
INEC official
Collation officers
Polling agents
Returning officers

3b. State one functions of each of the officials identified in 5(a)
Explanation
Party agents: They are the representative of each party to watch over the conduct of the election of the election
Security agents: They are in-charge of security of poling units
INEC officials: They are the custodians of the election materials
Polling agent: They are the one to return all election results, and unseen material to the [NBC office for collations

4a. Highlight any five functions of the Secretary of State for the colonies in the colonial period
Explanation
He was the highest personnel in the colonies.he oversees all the colonies
He represents the queen of england in any assignment in her colonies
He appoints the governor general
He only comes for important meetings to introduce new policies in the colonies
He also plays a part in decision making.he is a member of the house of lords.

4b. State any two newspapers founded by nationalist in Nigeria after the Second World War
Explanation
Lagos Daily News by Herbert Macaulay
West Africa Pilot by Nmamdi Azikiwe.

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

4c. Highlight any four roles played by Local Newspaper in the struggle against colonial rule
Explanation
It is a means of communication
Development of indigenous press
It is a means of educating the people in west Africa
It is against Discrimination in the civil service
It helps the rise of Trade Unions

5a. Explain constitutionalism
Explanation
Constitution is the fundamental laws, principles, customs, convention rules and regulations according to which the government of a country or an organization operates.
Constitutionalism on the other hand is the extent to which those in power adhere to the provision of the constitution.
This means that the activities of government and its officials should be in line with the provision of the constitution.

5b. State four factors that can promote constitutionalism
Explanation
Impartial Judicial system
There must be check and balance
There must be rule of law
The constitution must be supreme
Fundamental human right must be respected

NECO Government Objectives Questions & Answers 2017/2018.

6a. What is separation of power?
Explanation
Separation of Power can be defined as the separation or division of political powers and functions among the three arms of government i.e. The executive, legislature and judiciary. i.e. Each arms of Government should work independently, without interference from other arms. For example, the executive should be solely involved in policy making and implementation or execution. Also that no arm of government should be allowed to perform more than one function to avoid tyranny victimisation and oppression of the citizens. Because power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely

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